Poetry

Horace: The Art of Poetry

Adalbert_von_Rössler_HorazThe Art of Poetry (Latin: Ars Poetica) is a poem by Horace, originally included in the second volume of his Epistles, published in 14 BCE and sometimes known as the Epistle to the Pisos (Latin: Epistula ad Pisones).

It's reflections on poetry are personal and a touch satirical, contrasting with earlier extant literary criticism, such as that of Aristotle. It has nevertheless exercised a huge influence through its richness in maxims and pithy phrases, many of which are still in use as common literary terms.

The Art of Poetry at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L194 - Horace - Satires. Epistles. Ars Poetica. Public domain Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Satires, Epistles & Art of Poetry of Horace, translated by John Conington. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Gutenberg: The Art of Poetry, translated by George Colman. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive
Perseus: The Art of Poetry, translated by C. Smart. HTML and XML formats.
Poetry in Translation: Ars Poetica, translated by A.S. Kline (2005). Multiple formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Works of Horace, translated into English Prose by C. Smart. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: Ars Poetica. Multiple translations. HTML and other formats.
Latin texts
Gutenberg: The Works of Horace. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats. 
Latin Library: Ars Poetica. HTML format.
Perseus: De Arte Poetica liber. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Ars Poetica. HTML and other formats.

Other Resources
Librivox: The Ars Poetica and Carmen Saeculare, Dual Latin and English translations. Free public domain audiobook.
Literature and History: Episode 50 - Our Brutal Age. Episode 51 - Horace and Augustan Poetry. Podcast and transcript by Doug Metzger.
Wikipedia: Horace - Ars Poetica (Horace)

Further reading
Horace: Epistles - the larger work of which The Art of Poetry is part.
Homer: The Iliad - while Horace famously acknowledges that there moments when even Homer nods, he nevertheless regards him as the supreme poetic model.
Quintilian: Institutes of Oratory - the first source to treat The Art of Poetry as a separate work.
Latin resources: Learn to read Latin texts in the original.


Ovid: Heroides

Didon_et_le_glaive_d%u2019Énée_(Epîtres_d%u2019Ovide _coll._Arcana _fol21)The Heroides or Epistulae Heroidum (Letters of Heroines) are a collection of Latin elegaic poems by the Roman poet Ovid, written around the end of the first century BCE. Each poem purports to be a letter from a legendary heroine to her lover or husband, a form which Ovid considered as a new literary genre of his own invention.  He drew widely on classical myth for his chosen subjects, as well as including the historical poet Sappho.

The Heroides at online book stores

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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L041 - Ovid - Heroides. Amores. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Internet Archive: The Heroïdes or Epistles of the Heroines, The Amours, Art of Love, Remedy of Love, and Minor Works of Ovid, translated by Henry T. Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Poetry in Translation: The Heroides, translated by A.S. Kline (2001). Multiple formats.
Theoi: Heroides, translated by Grant Showerman. HTML format.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Ovid. HTML format.
Wikisource: Heroides. HTML and other formats.

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Ovid: The Art of Love

Ovid_Book_II_deBosschereThe Art of Love (Latin: Ars Amatoria) is a Latin didactic poem by Ovid, written about 1 BCE. It's first two books offer advice on seduction for men, while the third is adressed to women.

The work is often supposed to have contributed to Augustus' decision to exile Ovid to the Black Sea in 8 CE.  It has nevertheless remained consistently popular ever since.

The Art of Love
at online book stores

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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Internet Archive: The Art of Love and Other Poems, translated by Henry John Mozley. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
English translations

Gutenberg: Ars Amatoria, or the Art of Love, translated by Henry T. Riley. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Poetry in Translation: The Art of Love, translated by A.S. Kline (2001). Multiple formats.
Sacred-texts.com: The Love Books of Ovid, translated by J. Lewis May. HTML format.
Wikisource: Ars Amatoria - The Art of Love, translated by J. Lewis May. HTML and other formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Ars Amatoria - Liber I - Liber II - Liber III. HTML format.
Wikisource: Ars Amatoria. HTML and other formats.

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Terence: The Mother-in-Law

Térence_des_ducs_-_Hécyre_-_Arsenal664_f209v.jpegThe Mother-in-Law (Latin: Hecyra) is a Latin comedy by Terence. It's first performance in 165 BC was a failure, as the audience halting the performance in favour of a boxing match.

The plot centres on the unseen character of Philumela, who flees the home of her husband's parents to conceal the fact that she is pregnant, having been debauched by an unknown assailant. A resolution emerges through a ring stolen during the encounter.

The Mother-in-Law at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Terence II: Phormio. The Mother-in-Law. The Brothers. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L023N -Terence II: Phormio. The Mother-in-Law. The Brothers. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by Henry T. Riley EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by George Colman. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Comedies of Publius Terentius Afer, translated by John Benson Rose (1870). EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Hecyra - The Mother-in-Law, translated by Henry T. Riley. HTML and XML format.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Step-Mother, translated by George Colman. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Latin texts
Perseus: Hecyra. HTML and XML format.
Wikisource: Hecyra. HTML and other formats.

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Terence: The Girl from Andros

ScenefromGirlFromAndroasWikimediaCommonsThe Girl from Andros (Latin: Andria) is a Latin comedy by Terence, first produced in 166 BCE. The plot centres on a young Athenian, Pamphilus who attempts to evade an arranged marriage, with the help of his cunning slave Davus, in order to be with his lover, the apparently low-born Andrian girl, Glycerium.

The Girl from Andros at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Terence I: The Lady of Andros. The Self-Tormentor. The Eunuch. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L022N -Terence I: The Lady of Andeos. The Self-Tormentor. The Eunuch. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by Henry T. Riley EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by George Colman. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Comedies of Publius Terentius Afer, translated by John Benson Rose (1870). EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Andria, translated by Henry T. Riley. HTML and XML format.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Girl from Andros, translated by George Colman. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Andria. HTML format.
Perseus: Andria. HTML and XML format.
Wikisource: Andria. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: Amphitryon

643px-Pompeji_Casa_Dei_Vettii_Hercules_Child_DetailAmphitryon (Latin: Amphitruo) is a Latin comedy by Plautus, probably written in the early second century BCE. It his only play on a mythological theme, centring on the god Jupiter's seduction of Alcmena, the virtuous wife of Amphitryon, Merury's attempts to conceal the liaison, and the resulting birth of Hercules. Later adaptations inspired by the plot include versions by Dryden and Molière.

Amphitryon at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L060 - Plautus - Plautus I: Amphitryon. The Comedy of Asses. The Pot of Gold. The Two Bacchises. The Captives. Loeb edition, translated by Paul Nixon. PDF format.
English translations
Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol. II, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Amphitruo, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. HTML and XML formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Amphitruo. HTML format.
Perseus: Amphitruo. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Amphitruo. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: The Rope

Caradosso _scena_della_Gomena_di_Plauto _1485_circaThe Rope (Latin: Rudens) is a Latin comedy by Plautus, written in the late third century BCE. Set in Cyrene in North Africa, it is one of the best regarded of his surviving plays.

The story centres on the girl Palaestra, who is in thrall to the pimp Labrax, until their shipwreck off the coast initiates a sequence of events which will reveal her true identity.

The Rope at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Plautus - The Little Cathaginian, Pseudolus, The Rope, translated by Paul Nixon. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L260 - Plautus - Plautus IV: The Little Carthaginian. Pseudolus. The Rope. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: Amphitryo, Asinaria, Aulularia, Bacchides, Captivi, translated by Paul Nixon. EPUB, HTML, MOBI, TXT and other formats.
Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol. II, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Rudens. HTML format.
Perseus: Rudens. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Rudens. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: The Braggart Soldier

Vix_crater_hoplite_circa_500_BCEThe Braggart Soldier (Latin: Miles Gloriosus) is a Latin comedy by Plautus. Based on a lost Greek original, it was probably written towards the end of the third century BCE.

It set in Ephesus, where a young Athenian, Pleusicles seeks to rescue his kidnapped lover Philocomasium from the attentions of Pyrgopolynices, the braggart soldier of the title, with the help of his cunning slave, Palaestrio, and Acroteleutium, a prostitute posing as his wife.

The play established the archetype for one of literature's most widely recognised stock characters. Later examples of the miles gloriosus include Shakespeare's Old Pistol and Il Capitano of the Commedia dell'arte.

The Braggart Soldier at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L163 - Plautus III: The Merchant. The Braggart Warrior. The Haunted House. The Persian. Loeb edition, translated by Paul Nixon. PDF format.
English translations
Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol I, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Miles Gloriosus, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. HTML and XML formats.

Latin texts
Latin Library: Miles Gloriosus. HTML format.
Perseus: Miles Gloriosus. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Miles Gloriosus. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: Pseudolus

Mosaic_depicting_theatrical_masks_of_Tragedy_and_Comedy_(Thermae_Decianae)Pseudolus is a Latin comedy by Plautus, originally produced in 191 BC. The title character is a slave whose master's son is in love with a girl who is to be sold to a Macedonian soldier.

The play was probably based on an unknown Greek model, and its characters feature many stock types from the New Comedy.

Pseudolus at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Plautus - The Little Cathaginian, Pseudolus, The Rope, translated by Paul Nixon. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L260 - Plautus - Plautus IV: The Little Carthaginian. Pseudolus. The Rope. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations

Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol I, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Pseudolus. HTML format.
Perseus: Pseudolus. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Pseudolus. HTML and other formats.

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Horace: The Epistles

Horace _Virgil_and_Varius_at_the_house_of_MaecenasThe Epistles (Latin: Epistulae) of Horace are two volumes of poems of which the first was probably published in 20 or 19 BCE. They are written in the form of letters, and critics have long debated whether this is simply a literary device, or reflects some genuine correspondence. In Epistle 1, Horace claims to have abandoned lyric poetry for philosophy, and a strong element of epicureanism pervades the work, informing many memorable sayings.

Horace's Art of Poetry, originally the third volume of the epistles, is now usually treated as a separate work.

The Epistles at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L194 - Horace - Satires. Epistles. Ars Poetica. Public domain Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Satires, Epistles & Art of Poetry of Horace, translated by John Conington. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Poetry in Translation: The Satires, Epistles and Ars Poetica, translated by A.S. Kline (2003-05). Multiple formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Works of Horace, translated into English Prose by C. Smart. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: The Satires, Epistles & Art of Poetry of Horace, translated by John Conington. HTML and other formats.
Latin texts
Gutenberg: The Works of Horace. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats. 
Wikisource: Epistulae (Horatius). HTML and other formats.

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