Novels

Anthony Trollope: The Warden

The Warden is an 1855 novel by Anthony Trollope. 975px-Hospital_of_St._Cross _Winchester._Gateway_and_dwellings._Wellcome_M0007983

The title character, Septimus Harding, heads a hospital which supports a dozen retired workingmen, but whose charitable income has swollen over the centuries and now provides him with a very comfortable living.

His right to this money is challenged by John Bold, a young reformer, who involves the law and the press despite his own love for Harding's youngest daughter.

Bold is opposed by Harding's son-in-law, Theophilus Grantly, son of the Bishop of Barchester, and a stern defender of the traditional prerogatives of the church.

The Warden was Trollope's first major literary success, inaugurating the Barchester Chronicles, which returned to the same setting in a fictional cathedral city in the West of England. It is a classic of socio-political observation, despite its ultimately critical view of the reforming impulse which underlay much literary realism.

The Warden at online book stores.
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: The Warden. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: The Warden. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: The Warden. AZW3, EPUB and KEPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Warden. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: The Warden. HTML and other formats.
Other Resources
Librivox: The Warden - Public domain audiobook.
The Trollope Society: The Warden
Wikipedia: Anthony Trollope - The Warden
Further reading 
Rabelais - Rev. Grantly keeps a volume of the French satirist hidden in his study.
Charles Dickens - satirised by Trollope as Mr Popular Sentiment
Thomas Carlyle - caricatured as Dr Pessimist Anticant


Rousseau: Emile

EmileFrontispieceEmile, or On Education (French: ) is a 1762 work by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, describing the education of its eponymous hero from infancy to manhood.

This proved to be a powerful device for expounding Rousseau's ideas about human nature. The work was banned in France and Geneva because of the heterodox religious views expressed in the section known as The Profession of Faith of a Savoyard Vicar.

A different source of controversy emerged from Book V describes the education of Sophie, a girl who is intended to be Emile's companion, and whose upbringing is largely directed towards that end. The strong critical response from women writers such as Mary Wollstonecraft was itself a reflection of the influence that Emile acquired in educational thought.

Emile at online book stores
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Free online texts
English translations

Gutenberg: Emile, translated by Barbara Foxley. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Emilius and Sophia - Vol I | Vol II | Vol III | Vol IV. Anonymous 18th Century translation. PDF, EPUB, Kindle and other formats.
Internet Archive: Emile, abridged translation by William H. Payne. PDF, EPUB, Kindle and other formats.
French texts
Wikisource: Émile, ou De l’éducation, multiple editions. HTML and other formats.

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Voltaire: Candide

800px-Voltaire_-_Candide_-_Dambrun_-_MoreauCandide (French: Candide, ou l'optimisme) is a 1759 satirical novella by Voltaire. It's eponymous hero is a young man who lives a sheltered existence on his uncle's estate under the tutelage of Doctor Pangloss, a philosopher who subscribes to Leibniz's dictum that 'all is for the best, in the best of all possible worlds.'

When Candide is forced out into the wider world, he is confronted with a series of episodes which illustrate the bankruptcy of this optimistic worldview, most famously the Lisbon earthquake of 1755.

Candide at online book stores
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Free online texts
English translations
Gutenberg: Candide, EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Candide, or All for the Best, translated by Walter Jerrold (1898). EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: Candide. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Candide, translated by William F. Fleming. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: Candide, translated by Tobias Smollett. HTML and other formats.
French texts
Gutenberg: Candide, ou, l'optimisme. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Wikisource: Candide, multiple editions. HTML and other formats.

Other Resources
BBC Radio 4 In Our Time: Voltaire's Candide. Melvyn Bragg with David Wootton, Nicholas Cronk, Caroline Warman.
Librivox: Candide (multiple versions). Free public domain audiobooks.
Wikipedia: Voltaire - Candide

Further reading
Bloom's Western Canon: Candide is listed.
Leibniz: The Monadology and The Theodicy.
Swift: Gulliver's Travels - a satirical influence whose author Voltaire had met.
Voltaire: Philosophical Letters - discusses the execution of Admiral Byng, an event later worked into the plot of Candide.
French Language resources 


Montesquieu: The Persian Letters

Persianische_BriefeThe Persian Letters (French: Lettres persanes) is a 1721 epistolary novel by Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesqueieu.

The work contains the correspondence of Usbek and Rica two fictional Turkish travellers on a visit to Europe from 1711 onwards, a form which provides a vehicle for much satire of contemporary Western society. The travellers' penetrating observations on the people they encounter contrast with Usbek's disastrous relations with his own harem, to provide a sombre commentary on the difficulty of achieving self-knowledge.

The Persian Letters at online book stores
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Free online texts

English translations
Internet Archive: Persian Letters, Vol I | Vol II. Translated by John Davidson.EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Wikisource: Persian Letters, translated by by John Davidson (1899). HTML and other formats.
French texts
Gutenberg: Lettres Persanes - Tome I | Tome II. EPUB, MOBI, HTML and TXT formats.
Wikisource: Lettres Persanes. HTML and other formats.

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Jane Austen: Persuasion

Thomson-ch23-LettrePersuasion is Jane Austen's last completed novel, published posthumously in 1818.

The book's heroine, Anne Elliott is the daugher of a baronet in reduced circumstances, who rents his house to a relative of Anne's former fiancé. The eventual renewal of the engagement is the central example of the titular theme which unites many of the novel's subplots.

Persuasion at online book stores
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: Persuasion.  EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Northanger Abbey and Persuasion. 1892 Athenaeum edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: Persuasion. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Persuasion. EPUB, HTML and MOBI format.
Wikisource: Persuasion. HTML and other formats.

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Jane Austen: Mansfield Park

Thomson-MP-ch07Mansfield Park is an 1814 novel by Jane Austen, the third published during her lifetime.

It's protagonist is Fanny Price, sent at ten years old to live with her aunt at Mansfield Park, where she is a literal poor relation among the fashionable younger set. She ultimately asserts herself by rejecting an unsuitable proposal, and marrying Edmund Bertram, the younger son of the master of the estate, who is destined to be a clergyman.

A number of themes have contributed to Mansfield Park's reputation as perhaps Austen's most controversial novel. Her portrait of Fanny has divided critics, though it is significant as an early treatment of the inner life of a young girl. Edmund's attachment to his religous vocation is often seen as reflecting Austen's critique of the French Revolution, and the role of the Bertrams in the Caribbean slave trade has sparked debate about Austen's own enigmatic views on the subject.

Mansfield Park at online book stores
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Free online texts

Gutenberg: Mansfield Park. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Mansfield Park. 1892 Athenaeum edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: Mansfield Park. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Mansfield Park. EPUB, HTML and MOBI format.
Wikisource: Mansfield Park. HTML and other formats.

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Jane Austen: Emma

Image_taken_from_page_379_of_'(Emma._New_edition.)'_(11299328635)Emma is an 1815 novel by Jane Austen, the last published during her lifetime. Unlike Austen's earlier heroines, the title character is wealthy enough to feel no need to marry, and occupies herself with matchmaking for others.

Many critics consider the work on advance on Austen's earlier better-known novels, in part because of the portrayal of the wider community within which it is set, the fictional Surrey town of Highbury.

Emma at online book stores
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: Emma. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and PDF formats.
Internet Archive: Emma, 1892 Atheenaeum edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: Emma. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Emma. EPUB, HTML and MOBI formats.
Wikisource: Emma. HTML and other formats.

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Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice

Thomson-PP15Pride and Prejudice is an 1813 novel by Jane Austen. Like its predecessor Sense and Sensibility it focuses on love and marriage among the English gentry of the period, a subject encapsulated in one of the most famous opening lines in literature. Although the title may simply reflect the succesful formula of the earlier novel, it also alludes to the obstacles that must be overcome by the central characters, Elizabeth Bennet and Fitzwilliam Darcy.

Pride and Prejudice at online book stores
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: Pride and Prejudice. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Pride and Prejudice. Everyman's Library edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Pride and Prejudice, with a Sentimental Journey by Laurence Sterne. Harvard Classics edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: Pride and Prejudice. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Pride and Prejudice. EPUB, HTML and MOBI formats.
Wikisource: Pride and Prejudice. HTML and other formats.

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Henry Fielding: The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling

Tom_Jones_XVI-10Tom Jones is a 1749 novel by Henry Fielding. It's follows the eponymous hero from his appearance as a newborn baby at the home of Squire Allworthy, through a series of picaresque advenures, which provide the occasion for satirical social commentary.

Initially controversial for the frankness of some of its subject matter, it has long since been recognised as a landmark in the development of the English novel.

Tom Jones at online book stores
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT format.
Internet Archive: The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling - Vol I | Vol II. Everyman's Library edition.
Standard Ebooks: The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. EPUB, HTML and MOBI format.
Wikisource: The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. HTML and other formats.

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Jane Austen: Sense and Sensibility

Hammond-SS04Sense and Sensibility is an 1811 novel by Jane Austen. The plot follows the fortunes of the two young sisters, Elinor and Marianne. Their contrasting attitudes mirror illustrate the qualities of the novel's title, with Elinor standing for good sense, and the more impulsive, romantic Marianne standing for sensibility.

Early critics tended to see the novel as a morally improving work with Elinor's conduct taken as a guide, and Marianne's as a warning. More recently, a similar interpretation by the Scottish moral philosopher Alasdair Macintyre sees Elinor as an example of the Aristotelian virtue of constancy.

Sense and Sensibility at online book stores
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: Sense and Sensibility. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Sense and Sensibility. Everyman's Library edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Standard Ebooks: Sense and Sensibility. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.
Internet Archive: Sense and Sensibility. Oxford World's Classics edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Sense and Sensibility. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: Sense and Sensibility. HTML and other formats.

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