Letters

Voltaire: Philosophical Letters on the English

D'après_Maurice_Quentin_de_La_Tour _Portrait_de_Voltaire_(c._1737 _musée_Antoine_Lécuyer)The Philosophical Letters or Letters on the English (French: Lettres philosophiques) is a 1733 work by Voltaire, revised  in 1778, composed as a series of letters reflecting on his sojourn in England from 1726 to 1728.

Voltaire's thoughts on English literature include a number of leading writers of the day who he met while in London, such as Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift. His account of English political and religious institutions, Newtonian science, and the empiricism of Bacon and Locke, quickly became a formative influence on continental liberalism.

Letters on England at online book stores
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Free online texts
English translations
Gutenberg: Letters on England. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: French and English Philosophers, Descartes, Voltaire, Rousseau, Hobbes (includes Letters on England). Harvard Classics Vol. 34. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Internet History Sourcebooks: Letters on the English or Lettres Philosophiques. HTML format.
Liberty Fund: The Works of Voltaire, Vol. XIX (Philosophical Letters). EPUB, HTML, MOBI and PDF formats.
Wikisource: Letters Concerning the English Nation. English translation. HTML and other formats.
French texts
Wikisource: Lettres Philosophiques. HTML and other formats.

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Horace: The Epistles

Horace _Virgil_and_Varius_at_the_house_of_MaecenasThe Epistles (Latin: Epistulae) of Horace are two volumes of poems of which the first was probably published in 20 or 19 BCE. They are written in the form of letters, and critics have long debated whether this is simply a literary device, or reflects some genuine correspondence. In Epistle 1, Horace claims to have abandoned lyric poetry for philosophy, and a strong element of epicureanism pervades the work, informing many memorable sayings.

Horace's Art of Poetry, originally the third volume of the epistles, is now usually treated as a separate work.

The Epistles at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L194 - Horace - Satires. Epistles. Ars Poetica. Public domain Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Satires, Epistles & Art of Poetry of Horace, translated by John Conington. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Poetry in Translation: The Satires, Epistles and Ars Poetica, translated by A.S. Kline (2003-05). Multiple formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Works of Horace, translated into English Prose by C. Smart. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: The Satires, Epistles & Art of Poetry of Horace, translated by John Conington. HTML and other formats.
Latin texts
Gutenberg: The Works of Horace. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats. 
Wikisource: Epistulae (Horatius). HTML and other formats.

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Pascal: The Provincial Letters

800px-Blaise_Pascal_VersaillesThe Provincial Letters (French: Lettres provinciales) were published by Blaise Pascal from 1656 to 1657. Under the pseudonymous guise of Louis de Montalte, a Parisian writing to a correspondent in the country, he launched a blistering satirical attack on Jesuit theology. Although banned by the French Crown, the eighteen letters were widely read and influential.

The Provincial Letters at online book stores
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Free online texts
English translations
Internet Archive: The Provincial Letters, Pensees, Scientific Letters. The former translated by Thomas M'Crie. Great Books of the Western World edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Provincial Letters, translated by Thomas M'Crie. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Wikisource: The Provincial Letters, translated by Thomas M'Crie. HTML and other formats.
French texts
Wikisource: Les Provinciales. HTML and other formats.

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Seneca: Moral Letters to Lucilius

The Death of Seneca, by Manuel Domínguez Sánchez. Via Wikisource.The Moral Letters to Lucilius (Latin: Ad Lucilium epistulae morales) were composed by the Roman philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca ('The Younger'), during his retirement from the Imperial court in 62-65 AD, a period which ended with his suicide on the orders of the emperor Nero.

The 120 letters, collected in 20 books , were addressed to Seneca's friend Lucilius Junior, then the procurator of Sicily. They amount to informal moral essays, covering subjects such as the nature of the good, happiness and the right attitude to death. It is among the most popular of Seneca's works and as such an important source on Roman stoicism. It's adoption by early Christians contributed to its influence in the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

Moral Letters to Lucilius at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Internet Archive: Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales. Vol. I | Vol. IIVol. III. Public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English. PDF and other formats.

Latin Library: Epistulae Morales Ad Lucilium -  HTML format. 

Loebulus. L075 - Seneca -- Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales I: Letters 1-65. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Loebulus. L076 - Seneca -- Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales II: Letters 66-92. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Perseus: Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales. HTML and XML formats.

Wikisource: Latin - Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium. English - Moral Letters to Lucilius. HTML and other formats.

Other Resources

BBC In Our Time: Seneca the Younger - Radio discussion with Melvyn Bragg, Mary Beard, Catherine Edwards and Alessandro Schiesaro.

History of Philosophy without any gaps: Anger Management - Seneca, podcast by Peter Adamson.

How to be a Stoic: Seneca to Lucilius - Philosophy as a Guide to Life.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Lucius Annaeus Seneca.

Librivox: Moral Letters - public domain audiobook.

Literature and History: Episode 65 - Seneca and the Julio-Claudians | Episode 66 - Stoicism, Seneca, St Paul, podcast by Doug Metzger.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Seneca.

Stoics.com: Why Seneca's Moral Essays and Moral Epistles?

Wikipedia: Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Cicero: On Duties.

Marcus Aurelius: The Meditations.

Montaigne: Essays.

Francis Bacon: Essays.

Latin Resources: Online materials for learning Latin.


Pliny the Younger: Letters

The Letters (Latin: Epistulae) of Pliny the Younger (61-c.113 CE) stand alongside those of Cicero as one of the most intimate records left to us by any individual from the ancient world, although the fact that Pliny published them during his lifetime should give us pause about how candid a picture they really present.

Pliny was a politically active member of the equestrian order, who rose to become governor of Bithynia under Trajan. His correspondence with the Emperor famously illustrates the centralisation of Roman administration with advice sought and given on matters great and small. This includes a discussion of how to deal with the rising sect of Christianity, an important piece of evidence on the early history of the Church.

The Letters also shed light on Pliny's role in the leading literary circles in the time. A number of them show Pliny in the role of patron to Suetonius, who may have served on his staff in Bithynia. It was in a letter to another historian, Tacitus, that Pliny recounted the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder, the author of the Natural History, while attempting to investigate the eruption of Vesuvius.

The Letters of Pliny the Younger at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Gutenberg: Letters of Pliny

Glossa.dk: C. Plinii Caecilii Secundi epistulae. Latin text, html format.

Internet Classics Archive/Internet Archive: Pliny's Epistles In Ten Books, translated 1723. HTML format.

Latin Library: Epistularum Libri Decem. Latin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L055 - Pliny the Younger -- Letters I: Books 1-7. Also available at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L059 - Pliny the Younger -- Letters II: Books 7-10. Also available at the Internet Archive.

Perseus: Letters. Latin text, html and xml formats.

Pomona.edu (Trevor Chinn): Letters Books 1-5 (complete), Letters Books 6-9 (excerpts) and Book 10 (complete). English text, HTML format.

Wikisource: Epistularum Libri Decem, Latin text, HTML and other formats. Letter II, IX. Latin and English text, HTML and other formats.

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Cicero: Letters to Quintus

The Letters to Quintus (Latin: Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem) is a collection of letters from the Roman writer and statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero to his brother Quintus, written mainly between 59 and 54 BCE. Some editions of the collection include a letter from Quintus On Running for the Consulship (Latin: De petitione consulatus).

Letters to Quintus at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Latin Library: Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem. Latin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L230N - Cicero -- Letters to His Friends III: Books 13-16. To His Brother Quintus. To Brutus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Perseus: Letters to and from Quintus. Latin text and English translation by Evelyn Shuckburgh (1908). HTML and XML format.

Wikisource: Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem. Latin text, multiple formats.

Wikisource: Letters to his Brother Quintus, translated by Evelyn Shuckburgh (1900). Multiple formats.

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Cicero: Letters to Friends

The Letters to Friends (Latin: Epistulae ad Familiares) is a collection of letters from the Roman writer and statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero to various friends and relations, published by Cicero's secretary Tiro. Their rediscovery in the fourteenth century had  significant impact on renaissance humanism.

Letters to Friends at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Latin Library: Epistulae ad FamiliaresLatin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L205N - Cicero -- Letters to His Friends I: Books 1-6. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.
Loebulus. L216N - Cicero -- Letters to His Friends II: Books 7-12. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.
Loebulus. L230N - Cicero -- Letters to His Friends III: Books 13-16. To His Brother Quintus. To Brutus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Perseus: Epistulae ad Familiares. Latin text, HTML and XML format.

Wikisource: Epistulae ad Familiares. Partial Latin text, multiple formats.

Wikisource: Letters to Friends, translated by Evelyn Shuckburgh (1900). Multiple formats.

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Cicero: Letters to Brutus

Brogi _Carlo_(1850-1925)_-_n._16585_-_Roma_-_Museo_Capitolino_-_Marco_Giunio_Bruto _busto_in_marmo.The Letters to Brutus (Latin: Epistulae ad Brutum) is a collection of letters from the Roman statesman and writer Marcus Tullius Cicero to Marcus Junius Brutus, the assassin of Julius Caesar. It features some 25 letters written in 43 BC, a year after Caesar's death and a year before Brutus' own suicide following the battle of Philippi.

Letters to Brutus at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

 Free online texts

Latin Library: Epistulae ad Brutum. Latin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L230N - Cicero -- Letters to His Friends III: Books 13-16. To His Brother Quintus. To Brutus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Perseus: Letters to and from Brutus. Latin text, HTML and XML format.

Wikisource: Epistulae ad Brutum. Latin text, multiple formats.

Wikisource: Letters to Brutus, translated by Evelyn Shuckburgh (1900). Multiple formats.

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Cicero: Letters to Atticus

The Letters to Atticus (Latin: Epistulae ad Atticum) is a collection of correspondence between Cicero and his close friend Atticus, covering the period between 68 and 43 BCE. When the collection was rediscovered in Verona in 1345, the great renaissance humanist Petrarch was scandalised by their revelations of Cicero's personality. Together with Cicero's other letters they provide one of the most remarkable insights into the life of any individual from the ancient world.

Letters to Atticus at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

 Free online texts

Latin Library: Epistulae ad Atticum. Latin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L007N - Cicero -- Letters to Atticus I. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.
Loebulus. L008N - Cicero -- Letters to Atticus II. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.
Loebulus. L097N - Cicero -- Letters to Atticus III. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Perseus: Letters to Atticus. Latin text, HTML and XML format.

Wikisource: Epistulae ad Atticum. Latin text, multiple formats.

Wikisource: Letters to Atticus, translated by Evelyn Shuckburgh (1900). Multiple formats.

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