Thesmophoriazusae (Greek: Θεσμοφοριάζουσαι) or Women at the Thesmophoria is a comedy by Aristophanes, first produced at Athens in 411 BC, probably at the Dionysia. As with Lysistrata, thought to have been produced at the Lenaea in the same year, gender forms a significant theme of the work, which is set during the Thesmophoria, a festival attended solely by women.
The tragic poet Euripides features as a central character. who learns that the festival-goers intend to kill him because of the negative portrayal of women in his work. After failing to persuade his fellow tragedian Agathon to infiltrate the festival on his behalf, Euripides sends an elderly relative instead. After the infiltrator is discovered, attempts to rescue him devolve into a series of parodies of Euripides' plays.
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: The Eleven Comedies, Volume 2 - The Wasps - The Birds - The Frogs - The Thesmophoriazusae - The Ecclesiazusae -- Plutus. English translation, multiple formats.
Internet Archive: L 179 - Aristophanes III - Lysistrata, Thesmophoriazusae, Ecclesiazusae, Plutus. Bilingual Greek-English Loeb edition.
Internet Classics Archive: Thesmophoriazusae. English text in HTML and TXT format.
Poetry in Translation: Women at the Festival, translated by George Theodoridis. Multiple formats.
University of Adelaide: Thesmophoriazusae. English translation, multiple formats.
Wikisource: Greek text and English translations. HTML and other formats.
History of Ancient Greece: o54- Old Comedy and Aristophanes. Podcast by Ryan Stitt.
Librivox: Chorus of Women from Thesmophoriazusae. Public domain audiobook.
Stanford News: Gender-swapped play takes on the ‘men’s rights’ movement, by Hannah Leblanc, 11 May 2017.
The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes
Aristophanes: Lysistrata, Ecclesiazusae - two other plays in which women play a prominent role. The Frogs - another play targeting the tragic poets.
Euripides: Medea - one of the plays which contributed to the author's reputation for an equivocal attitued towards women.
Plato: Symposium - also employs the poet Agathon as a character.
Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.