The Trojan Women is a tragedy by Euripides, originally produced in Athens in 415 BC, the same year in which the Athenians captured the island of Melos, an event of often thought to have influenced the play's theme.
It centres on the fate of a series of captive women during the sack of Troy. Hecuba, the widow of Priam is to become a slave of Odysseus. Her daughter, the prophetess Cassandra, foresees her own death along with Agamemnon, who will take her as his concubine. Andromache, the widow of Hector, whose son is taken from her by the Greeks, is allotted to Neoptolemus. Helen, the mistress of Paris persuades her husband Menelaus to spare her and take her back. In the finals scenes, the body of Andromache's son Astyanax is returned to Hecuba for burial, and the women are taken away as the city burns.
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Free online texts
Gutenberg: The Trojan Women, translated by Gilbert Murray (1915). Multiple formats.
Internet Archive: The Trojan Women of Euripides, translated by Gilbert Murray. Multiple formats.
Internet Classics Archive: The Trojan Women. HTML and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L009 - Euripides -- Euripides I: Iphigenia at Aulis. Rhesus. Hecuba. The Daughters of Troy. Helen. Greek and English parallel text. Loeb edition, PDF format.
Poetry in Translation: Trojan Women, translated by George Theodoridis. Multiple formats.
ToposText: English text indexed to accompanying map.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Trojan Women, translated by E. P. Coleridge. Multiple formats.
Wikisource: Greek text and multiple English translations. HTML and XML formats.
Performances and Reviews
YaleNews: ‘The Trojan Women’ at Yale Summer Cabaret laments Syrian war, by Mike Cummings, 23 June 2017.
Gate Threatre, London
Guardian: Trojan Women Review, by Mchael Billington, 13 November 2012.
Financial Times: Syrian refugees stage Euripides’ ‘The Trojan Women’, by Charlotte Eagar, 3 January 2014.
Flea Theatre, New York
New York Times: ‘The Trojan Women’ Laments War and Bloodshed, From a Distance, by Laura Collins-Hughes, 1 September 2016.
Binghamton University: Ancient Tragedy Study Guide - Euripides' Trojan Women, by Andrew Scholtz.
Gutenberg: Euripides and His Age, by Gilbert Murray.
History of Ancient Greece: Euripides at War, podcast by Ryan Stitt.
Internet Archive: Greek and Roman Plays - For the Intermediate Grades, by Dr Albert Cullum. Multiple formats.
Librivox: The Trojan Women. Public domain audiobooks, Coleridge and Murray translations.
University College London: Euripides' Trojan Women Study Guide, by Dr Rosa Andújar.
University College London: Euripides, Trojan Women, by Professor Chris Carey.
University of Warwick: Summary - The Trojan Women by Euripides, by Mike Conley.
Wikipedia: The Trojan Women.
The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes
Homer: The Iliad.
Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War. Recounts the sack of Melos which occurred around the time the play was first staged and may have influenced its theme.
Seneca: The Trojan Women - A Latin adaptation of the story.
A.E. Haigh: The Tragic Drama of the Greeks (1896).
Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.