Drama

Terence: The Mother-in-Law

Térence_des_ducs_-_Hécyre_-_Arsenal664_f209v.jpegThe Mother-in-Law (Latin: Hecyra) is a Latin comedy by Terence. It's first performance in 165 BC was a failure, as the audience halting the performance in favour of a boxing match.

The plot centres on the unseen character of Philumela, who flees the home of her husband's parents to conceal the fact that she is pregnant, having been debauched by an unknown assailant. A resolution emerges through a ring stolen during the encounter.

The Mother-in-Law at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Terence II: Phormio. The Mother-in-Law. The Brothers. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L023N -Terence II: Phormio. The Mother-in-Law. The Brothers. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by Henry T. Riley EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by George Colman. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Comedies of Publius Terentius Afer, translated by John Benson Rose (1870). EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Hecyra - The Mother-in-Law, translated by Henry T. Riley. HTML and XML format.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Step-Mother, translated by George Colman. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Latin texts
Perseus: Hecyra. HTML and XML format.
Wikisource: Hecyra. HTML and other formats.

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Terence: The Girl from Andros

ScenefromGirlFromAndroasWikimediaCommonsThe Girl from Andros (Latin: Andria) is a Latin comedy by Terence, first produced in 166 BCE. The plot centres on a young Athenian, Pamphilus who attempts to evade an arranged marriage, with the help of his cunning slave Davus, in order to be with his lover, the apparently low-born Andrian girl, Glycerium.

The Girl from Andros at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Terence I: The Lady of Andros. The Self-Tormentor. The Eunuch. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L022N -Terence I: The Lady of Andeos. The Self-Tormentor. The Eunuch. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by Henry T. Riley EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Gutenberg: The Comedies of Terence, translated by George Colman. EPUB, HTML, MOBI and TXT formats.
Internet Archive: Comedies of Publius Terentius Afer, translated by John Benson Rose (1870). EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Andria, translated by Henry T. Riley. HTML and XML format.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Girl from Andros, translated by George Colman. EPUB, MOBI and HTML formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Andria. HTML format.
Perseus: Andria. HTML and XML format.
Wikisource: Andria. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: Amphitryon

643px-Pompeji_Casa_Dei_Vettii_Hercules_Child_DetailAmphitryon (Latin: Amphitruo) is a Latin comedy by Plautus, probably written in the early second century BCE. It his only play on a mythological theme, centring on the god Jupiter's seduction of Alcmena, the virtuous wife of Amphitryon, Merury's attempts to conceal the liaison, and the resulting birth of Hercules. Later adaptations inspired by the plot include versions by Dryden and Molière.

Amphitryon at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L060 - Plautus - Plautus I: Amphitryon. The Comedy of Asses. The Pot of Gold. The Two Bacchises. The Captives. Loeb edition, translated by Paul Nixon. PDF format.
English translations
Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol. II, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Amphitruo, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. HTML and XML formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Amphitruo. HTML format.
Perseus: Amphitruo. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Amphitruo. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: The Rope

Caradosso _scena_della_Gomena_di_Plauto _1485_circaThe Rope (Latin: Rudens) is a Latin comedy by Plautus, written in the late third century BCE. Set in Cyrene in North Africa, it is one of the best regarded of his surviving plays.

The story centres on the girl Palaestra, who is in thrall to the pimp Labrax, until their shipwreck off the coast initiates a sequence of events which will reveal her true identity.

The Rope at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Plautus - The Little Cathaginian, Pseudolus, The Rope, translated by Paul Nixon. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L260 - Plautus - Plautus IV: The Little Carthaginian. Pseudolus. The Rope. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations
Gutenberg: Amphitryo, Asinaria, Aulularia, Bacchides, Captivi, translated by Paul Nixon. EPUB, HTML, MOBI, TXT and other formats.
Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol. II, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Rudens. HTML format.
Perseus: Rudens. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Rudens. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: The Braggart Soldier

Vix_crater_hoplite_circa_500_BCEThe Braggart Soldier (Latin: Miles Gloriosus) is a Latin comedy by Plautus. Based on a lost Greek original, it was probably written towards the end of the third century BCE.

It set in Ephesus, where a young Athenian, Pleusicles seeks to rescue his kidnapped lover Philocomasium from the attentions of Pyrgopolynices, the braggart soldier of the title, with the help of his cunning slave, Palaestrio, and Acroteleutium, a prostitute posing as his wife.

The play established the archetype for one of literature's most widely recognised stock characters. Later examples of the miles gloriosus include Shakespeare's Old Pistol and Il Capitano of the Commedia dell'arte.

The Braggart Soldier at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual texts
Loebulus: L163 - Plautus III: The Merchant. The Braggart Warrior. The Haunted House. The Persian. Loeb edition, translated by Paul Nixon. PDF format.
English translations
Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol I, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Perseus: Miles Gloriosus, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. HTML and XML formats.

Latin texts
Latin Library: Miles Gloriosus. HTML format.
Perseus: Miles Gloriosus. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Miles Gloriosus. HTML and other formats.

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Plautus: Pseudolus

Mosaic_depicting_theatrical_masks_of_Tragedy_and_Comedy_(Thermae_Decianae)Pseudolus is a Latin comedy by Plautus, originally produced in 191 BC. The title character is a slave whose master's son is in love with a girl who is to be sold to a Macedonian soldier.

The play was probably based on an unknown Greek model, and its characters feature many stock types from the New Comedy.

Pseudolus at online book stores
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Free online texts
Bilingual editions
Internet Archive: Plautus - The Little Cathaginian, Pseudolus, The Rope, translated by Paul Nixon. Loeb edition. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Loebulus: L260 - Plautus - Plautus IV: The Little Carthaginian. Pseudolus. The Rope. Loeb edition. PDF format.
English translations

Internet Archive: The Comedies of Plautus, Vol I, translated by Henry Thomas Riley. EPUB, MOBI, PDF and TXT formats.
Latin texts
Latin Library: Pseudolus. HTML format.
Perseus: Pseudolus. HTML and XML formats.
Wikisource: Pseudolus. HTML and other formats.

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Seneca: Oedipus

IngresOdipusAndSphinxThe Oedipus of Seneca the Younger is a Latin adaptation of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. As with many of Seneca's plays, the action is portrayed more directly than in the Greek model. Notably, in this instance, Jocasta's suicide takes place on stage, rather than being discovered after the fact as in Sophocles.

Oedipus at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Internet Archive: Tragedies I: Hercules Furens. Troades. Medea. Hippolytus. Oedipus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin with facing English translation by Frank Justus Miller.

Latin Library: Oedipus. Latin text. HTML format.

Loebulus: L062N - Tragedies I: Hercules Furens. Troades. Medea. Hippolytus. Oedipus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Theoi: Oedipus, translated by Frank Justus Miller. HTML format.

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Seneca: Phaedra or Hippolytus

Alexandre_Cabanel_PhèdrePhaedra or Hippolytus by Seneca the Younger is a Latin adaptation of Euripides' Hippolytus. Both plays tell the story of Phaedra, the wife of King Theseus and her passion for her step-son Hippolytus. Seneca's portrays the action more directly than Euripides, relying less on intermediaries and letters at key plot points.

Phaedra at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Internet Archive: Tragedies I: Hercules Furens. Troades. Medea. Hippolytus. Oedipus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin with facing English translation by Frank Justus Miller.

Latin Library: Phaedra. Latin text. HTML format.

Loebulus. L062N - Tragedies I: Hercules Furens. Troades. Medea. Hippolytus. Oedipus. Public domain Loeb edition in Latin with facing English translation by Frank Justus Miller. Multiple formats.

Theoi: Phaedra, translated by Frank Justus Miller. HTML format.

Wikisource: Hippolytus or Phaedra, translated by Frank Justus Miller. HTML and other formats.

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Menander: The Girl from Samos

Samia_(Girl_from_Samos)_Mytilene_3cADThe Girl from Samos (Ancient Greek: Σαμία) is a comedy by Menander, thought to have been produced between 317 and 307 BCE. As a result of modern papyrus finds, it is the second best preserved of his plays after Dyskolos.

The plot concerns events in the households of two neighbouring Athenian business partners, Demeas and Nikeratos. Demeas' mistress Chrysis and Nikeratos' daughter, Plangon, both fall pregnant. After suffering a miscarriage, Chrysis, the Samian girl of the title, nurses Plangon's child by Demeas' son Moschion. After gaining a hint of the child's true identity, Demeas assumes that his mistress has seduced his son. This prompts an escalating series of confrontations, which are ultimately resolved, paving the way for Moschion's marriage to Plangon.

The Girl from Samos at Online Stores
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Free online texts

Internet Archive: Menander - The Principal Fragments. Bilingual Loeb edition. Multiple formats.

Loebulus: L132 - Menander -- Principal Fragments: Arbitrants. Girl from Samos. Girl Who Gets Her Hair Cut Short. Hero. Fragments. Unidentified Comedy. Bilingual Loeb edition. PDF format.

University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Girl from Samos, translated by Francis Greenleaf Allinson. PDF format.

Other Resources

Wikipedia: Menander - Samia

Further reading

Menander: Dyskolos

Terence: The Girl from Andros.

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: The Girl from Samos is listed.


Menander: Dyskolos

Via Wikipedia, by Rennett Stowe. CC BY 2.0Dyskolos (Greek: Δύσκολος) or The Grouch is the most substantial surviving play by Menander, the key dramatist of the Greek New Comedy, which succeeded Aristophanes' Old Comedy and heavily influenced Roman comedy. It was originally performed at the Lenaia festival of 317 BC.

The play centres on Sostratus, a wealthy young man and his attempts to marry the daughter of Cnemon, the title character, in the face of the obstacles provided by the latter's boorish personality.

Dyskolos at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Fairfield University: Menander's Dyskolos (Grouch), translated by Vincent J. Rosivach. HTML format.

Poetry in Translation: Dyskolos, translated by George Theodoridis (2013). Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Δύσκολος - Greek text.

Other Resources

Ancient-Literature.com: Dyskolos - synopsis and analysis.

Cornell College Classical Studies: The Comedies of Menander.

Literature and History: The New Comedy - Menander's Old Cantankerous. Podcast and transcript by Doug Metzger.

University College London: Menander's Dyskolos Study Guide - archived at the Internet Archive.

Wikipedia: Menander - Dyskolos

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Theophrastus: On Characters

Menander: The Girl from Samos

Aelian: Epistulae Rusticae - includes letters based on the plot of the Dyskolos.

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.