Biography

Tacitus: Agricola

Txu-pcl-maps-oclc-70574898-britannia-1851The Agricola (Latin: De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae) by Tacitus is a short biography of his father-in-law, the general Gnaeus Julius Agricola. This provides the occasion for an account of Britain and events there during Agricola's governorship. As in the Germania, a much more detailed ethnographic work, Tacitus' portrait of the barbarians is partly intended to throw into relief the decadence of Rome. The clearest example of this is the speech put into the mouth of the Caledonian chieftain, Calgacus, who says of the Romans that 'they make a desert and they call it peace.'

In the Agricola this contrast is given added point by Tacitus' attempt to show that provincial service could be a way to lead an honourable life in the face of the tyranny of Domitian portrayed in the concluding chapters of the work.

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Online Texts

Internet Archive: The Agricola and Germania, translated by R.B. Townshend. Multiple formats.

Loebulus. L035 - Tacitus -- Dialogus, Agricola, Germania. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Poetry in Translation: The Agricola and Germania, translated by A.S. Kline (2015). Multiple formats.

Wikisource: The Life and Death of Julius Agricola, translated by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb, 1876. Online, downloadable as PDF/MOBI/EPUB.

The Great conversation: further reading at Tom's Learning Notes.

Tacitus: The Annals.

Tacitus: The Histories.

Tacitus: The Germania.

 Latin Resources: Online materials for learning Latin.


Josephus: The Life of Flavius Josephus

The Life of Flavius Josephus (Greek: Ἰωσήπου βίος Iosepou bios) is an autobiography by the historian Josephus, defending his role during the First Jewish-Roman War.

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Free Online Texts

Internet Archive: The Complete Works of Flavius Josephus, translated by William Whiston (1901). Multiple formats.

Loebulus. L186 - Josephus -- Josephus I: The Life. Against Apion. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

PACE: Life of Josephus. Greek and English translation by William Whiston. HTML format.

Sacred Texts: The Works of Flavius Josephus, translated by William Whiston. HTML format.

Wikisource: The Life of Flavius Josephus: Translated by William Whiston. Online, downloadable as PDF/MOBI/EPUB.

Other Resources

Librivox: Minor Works of Josephus - public domain audiobook.

Wikipedia: The Life of Flavius Josephus.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Josephus: The Antiquities of the Jews, The Jewish War, Against Apion.

Tacitus: The Histories - Book V deals with the Jews and the Roman military campaign against them.

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.


Xenophon: Agesilaus

Butler1851GreecePelopThe Agesilaus (Greek: Ἀγησίλαος) is an account of the life of King Agesilaus II of Sparta by Xenophon, one of the earliest examples of biographical writing.

Xenophon had been exiled from his native Athens after fighting alongside Agesilaus and the Spartans at Coronea in 394 BC. Along with his Constitution of the Laecedaemonians, The Agesilaus provides strong illustration of Xenophon's pro-Spartan leanings.

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Free Online Texts

Internet Archive: Xenophon's Agesilaus; with syntax rules and references, notes and indices. Greek text, edited by R.W. Taylor (1880).

Gutenberg: Agesilaus. Multiple formats.

Loebulus. L183 - Xenophon -- Scripta Minora: Hiero. Agesilaus. Constitution of the Lacedaemonians. Ways and Means. Cavalry Commander. Art of Horsemanship. On Hunting. Constitution of the Athenians. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Perseus: Greek text (Clarendon, 1920). English text, translated by E.C. Marchant, G.W. Bowersock (Heinemann, 1925). HTML and XML formats.

University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Agesilaus, translated by H.G. Dakyns. Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Agesilaus, English translation by H.G. Dakyns. Downloads via Book Creator.

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