The Frogs (Greek: Βάτραχοι, Latin: Ranae) is an ancient Greek comedy by Aristophanes first produced in 405 BC. It won first prize at the Lenaea, a festival of the god Dionysus, who features as the play's protagonist.
The Frogs was written shortly after the deaths of the tragedians Sophocles and Euripides, and the play opens with Dionysus determined to bring the latter back from Hades. While journeying in the company of the ferryman Charon he encounters the chorus of frogs which gives the play its name. Various adventures ensue in Hades before Dionysus is asked to judge a contest between the tragedians Aeschylus and Euripides. After much literary debate, Dionysus decides in favour of Aeschylus.
The choice of the older playwright has often been taken to reflect the same conservative values seen in Aristophanes' attack on Socrates and the sophists in The Clouds.
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Free online texts
Bacchicstage: The Frogs, translated by G. Theodoridis. HTML format. This text is also available at Poetry in Translation.
Bartleby: The Frogs, translated by B.B. Rogers. HTML format.
Gutenberg: The Frogs, translated by B.B. Rogers. Multiple formats.
Internet Archive: The Frogs, translated by Gilbert Murray (1912). Multiple formats.
Internet Archive: L 488 - Aristophanes II - Peace, Birds, Frogs. Bilingual Greek-English Loeb edition. Multiple formats.
Internet Classics Archive: The Frogs. English translation, HTML and TXT format.
Perseus: Aristophanes Comoediae, ed. F.W. Hall and W.M. Geldart, vol. 2. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1907. Greek etext. HTML and XML format.
Perseus: The Frogs, translated by Dr Matthew Dillon. HTML and XML formats.
University of Adelaide: The Frogs. English translation, multiple formats.
Wikisource: Βάτραχοι. Greek text. HTML, PDF and EPUB formats.
Wikisource: The Frogs. Anonymous translation, presumed to be Oscar Wilde (1912). HTML, PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats.
Ancient-literature.com: Aristophanes' The Frogs.
BBC In Our Time: Comedy in Ancient Greek Theatre, Discussion with Melvyn Bragg and guests Paul Cartledge, Edith Hall and Nick Lowe.
History of Ancient Greece: o54- Old Comedy and Aristophanes. Podcast by Ryan Stitt.
Librivox: The Frogs, public domain audiobooks.
National Theatre: An Introduction to Greek Comedy and Satyr Drama - video, featuring Edith Hall, Sean McEvoy, Alan Sommerstein, Laura Swift.
New York Times, 'Frogs' They Would A-Swimming Go, by Paul Gardner, 19 May 1974.
TheatreDatabase: The Frogs, summary.
TheatreHistory.com: The Frogs, summary.
University College London: Aristophanes' Frogs study guide.
Wikipedia: The Frogs.
Youtube: The Frogs by Aristophanes 2013, Matthew McCann.
Youtube: Aristophanes' Frogs (Cambridge Greek Play 2013). Performed with Aeschylus' Prometheus as the Cambridge Greek Play for 2013.
The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes
Aeschylus: The Persians.
Euripides: Andromache, Hippolytus.
Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.
Bloom's Western Canon: The Frogs is listed.