Seneca: The Trojan Women
Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan

Francis Bacon: Essays

Francis_Bacon _Viscount_St_Alban_from_NPGThe Essays by Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) were the first published work of the English statesman and thinker, appearing in 1597, with revised and expanded editions in 1612 and 1625. In introducing the essay format by pioneered by Montaigne to English, Bacon gave the genre a pointed, business-like concision, perhaps more reminiscent of Machiavelli. In this he was aided by a talent for the telling aphorism that has left a permanent mark on the language.

The Essays at at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Bartleby: Essays, Civil and Moral. Harvard Classics edition. HTML format.

Francis Bacon Online: The Essays. HTML format.

Gutenberg: The Essays or Counsels, Civil and Moral. Multiple formats. 

Internet Archive: The essaies of Sr. Francis Bacon. 1613 edition. Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: The Essays, or Counsels Civil and Moral, edited by A.S. Gaye (1911). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Bacon's Essays, edited by Sydney Humphries (1912). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Essays, Civil and Moral and The New Atlantis, by Francis Bacon; Areopagitica and Tractate on Education by John Milton; Religio Medici, by Sir Thomas Brown, edited by Charles W. Eliot (1912). Harvard Classics edition. Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: The Essays, Colours Of Good And Evil, Advancement Of Learning, edited by A.W. Pollard (1920). Multiple formats.

University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Essays, Multiple formats.

Wikisource: The Essays of Francis Bacon, edited by Mary Augusta Scott (1908). HTML and other formats.

Other Resources

British Library: Bacon’s essays on revenge, envy and deformity.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Francis Bacon (1561 -1626).

Librivox: Essays - public domain audiobook.

PhilPapers: Francis Bacon - open access papers.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Francis Bacon.

Wikipedia: Essays (Francis Bacon)

Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

John Aubrey: Brief Lives - includes a life of Bacon.

Voltaire: Philosophical Letters - includes a letter on Bacon.

Bloom's Western Canon - The Essays is listed.

Works quoted or mentioned by Bacon in the Essays

Bible: Genesis - Samuel - Proverbs - EcclesiastesJeremiah - Luke - Corinthians - Ephesians - Timothy - James

Plato: Protagoras - Timaeus - Critias

Aristotle: PoliticsRhetoric

Lucretius: On the Nature of Things

Plautus - Trinummus

Terence: The Eunuch - The Self-Tormentor

Cicero: Tusculan Disputations - On Laws -  De Oratore - Orator - Letters to Friends - Letters to QuintusPhilippics - Speech Against Piso - Speech for Rabirius Postumus

Virgil: Aeneid - Georgics

Livy: From the Foundation of the City

Ovid: Metamorphoses - Remedies for Love - Heroides - Tristia

Martial: Epigrams

Seneca: Moral Letters to Lucilius - Thyestes

Tacitus: Annals - Histories - Agricola

Suetonius: The Twelve Caesars

Pliny the Younger: Letters

Lucan: Pharsalia

Quintilian: Institutes of Oratory

Juvenal: Satires

Cassius Dio : Roman History

Publilius Syrus: Sententiae

Aulus Gellius: Attic Nights

Lucian: Satires

Plutarch: The Lives - The Moralia

Pseudo-Apollodorus: Bibliotheca

Philostratus: Life of Apollonius

Diogenes Laertius: Lives of Eminent Philosophers

Historia Augusta

St Augustine

Machiavelli: The Prince - The Discourses

Rabelais: Gargantua and Pantagruel.

Montaigne: The Essays.


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