Snorri Sturluson: The Prose Edda
Euripides: Hecuba

Sappho: Poems

Alcaeus and Sappho. Attic red-figure kalathos from Akragas ca. 470 BC. Via Wikimedia Commons user Bibi Saint-Pol.Sappho (Greek: Ψάπφω) was an archaic Greek poet from the island of Lesbos. Little is known for certain of her biography, but she is thought to have lived from around 630 to 570 BCE.

Only one complete poem of hers survives, the Ode to Aphrodite. Other extant fragments include some discovered as recently as 2014.

To the ancients, Sappho was one of the nine canonical lyric poets, and was sometimes described as the 'tenth muse'. In modern times, her work has attracted much interest for its expression of female autonomy and sexuality. The use of the term 'lesbian' to describe female homosexuality is a reference to her.

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Free online texts

Bibliowiki: The Poems of Sappho, translated by Edwin Marion Cox. HTML format.

Guardian: Read Sappho's 'new' poem, translated by Tim Whitmarsh. HTML format.

Gutenberg: The Poems of Sappho - An Interpretative Rendition into English , by John Myers O'Hara. Multiple formats. 

Gutenberg: Sappho - A New Rendering, by Henry De Vere Stacpoole. Multiple formats.

Harvard Center for Hellenic Studies: Sappho Fragments 58–59 - Text, Apparatus Criticus, and Translation, by Dirk Obbink. HTML format.

Internet Archive: Sappho - One Hundred Lyrics, translated by Bliss Carman (1907). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sappho - Poetic Fragments, by D.M. Myatt. Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sappho - The Poems and Fragments. Greek text with an English translation by C.R. Haines (1926). Multiple formats.

Loebulus. L142 - Lyra Graeca I: Terpander. Alcman. Sappho. Alcaeus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Middlebury College: Sappho -New Poem No. 58 from the Koln papyrus, translated by William Harris. HTML format.

Peitho's Web: Sappho, translated by H.T. Wharton (1895). HTML format archived at the Internet Archive.

Sacred texts: The Poems of Sappho, translated by John Mysers O'Hara (1910). HTML format.

Sacred texts: The Poems of Sappho, Greek text and English translation by Edwin Marion Cox (1925). HTML and unicode formats.

University of Houston: Fragments of Sappho, translated by Julia Dubnoff. HTML format.

Wikisource: Greek texts.

Other Resources

Ancient Greece Declassified: Sappho: The Tenth Muse with Andromache Karanika, podcast by Lantern Jack. Sappho, commentaries by William Annis.

BBC Great Lives: Sappho, radio documentary presented by Matthew Parris.

BBC In Our Time: Sappho. Melvyn Bragg in radio discussion with Edith Hall, Margaret Reynolds and Dirk Obbink.

The Conversation: Guide to the classics - Sappho, a poet in fragments, by Marguerite Johnson.

History of Ancient Greece: Poets and Wise Rulers, podcast episode by Ryan Stitt.

Internet Archive: Sappho , by T.G. Tucker (1914). Scanned book. Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sappho and Her Influence, by David M. Robinson. Scanned Book. Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sappho - Read by Beryl Grafton. Audio stream from the Pacifica Radio Archives.

Librivox: Sappho, public domain audiobooks.

The New Yorker: Girl Interrupted - Who was Sappho? by Daniel Mendelsohn, 16 March 2015.

Peitho's Web: The Divine Sappho, Texts and commentary as well as H.T. Wharton's Life of Sappho (1895). Site appears defunct but available via the Internet Archive.

University of California Press: Reading Sappho - Contemporary Approaches, edited by Ellen Greene (1996).

Wikipedia: Sappho.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Plato: Phaedrus


Horace: Odes

Ovid: The Heroides - Epistula XV is written from Sappho's point of view.

Longinus: On the Sublime.

Boccaccio: De Claris Mulieribus

Christine de Pisan: Book of the City of Ladies

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: Sappho is listed.


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