Euripides: Hippolytus
Euripides: Andromache

Herodotus: The Histories

Greece_persian_war_500_479The Histories of Herodotus is the founding work of the Greek historical tradition, documenting the rise of the Persian Empire, the Ionian revolt and the subsequent war between the Persians and the Greeks led by Athens and Sparta. Through his frequent digressions on the various cultures of the known world Herodotus, known as the 'father of history', imparted to the discipline a broad anthropological focus, rivalling the predominantly political and military interests of his successor, Thucydides.

The Histories at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free Online Texts

Gutenberg: Herodotus author page. Multiple formats.

Gutenberg: The History of Herodotus, Volume 1. Translated by G.C. Macaulay.

Gutenberg: The History of Herodotus, Volume 2. Translated by G.C. Macaulay.

Inquiries by Herodotus, translated by Shlomo Felberbaum, with photographs by Shane Solow. Online text.

Internet Archive: Herodotus.

Internet Classics Archive, The History of Herodotus, translated by George Rawlinson.

Loebulus. L117 - Herodotus -- Herodotus I: Books 1-2. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. 

Loebulus. L118 - Herodotus -- Herodotus II: Books 3-4. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Loebulus. L119 - Herodotus -- Herodotus III: Books 5-7. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. 

Loebulus. L120 - Herodotus -- Herodotus IV: Books 8-9. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Pax Librorum: The Histories by Herodotus. Pdf download.

Perseus: Herodotus, Greek text (Godley ed., 1920). English translation (Godley, 1920). Online texts.

Sacred Texts: The History of Herodotus, parallel English/Greek, translated by G. C. Macaulay, (1890). Online with zipped text download.

 Wikisource: The Histories  - Online Translations by A. D. Godley, George Rawlinson and G. C. Macaulay. Downloads via Book Creator.

Other resources

Ancient Greece Declassified: The Persian Wars with Ian Morris, podcast by Lantern Jack.

Anecdotes from Antiquity: The Inessential Guide to Herodotus, by Paul Sheridan.

The Conversation: Guide to the Classics - The Histories, by Herodotus, Julia Kindt.

BBC Radio 4 Great Lives: Herodotus. Matthew Parris with Justin Marozzi and Edith Hall.

BBC Radio 4 In Our Time: The Battle of Salamis. Melvyn Bragg with Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones, Lindsay Allen and Paul Cartledge.

The History of Ancient Greece Podcast, by Ryan Stitt. Particularly Episode 30 - Herodotus and the Rise of Persia to Episode 39 - The Greek Counterattack.

Librivox: Herodotus - public domain audiobooks in English and Spanish.

Livius.Org: Herodotus.

Wikipedia: Herodotus - Histories (Herodotus).

Youtube: Tom Holland on Herodotus' Histories - talk at the Hay Festival.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War - Second major Greek historian.

Livy: From the Foundation of the City - some anecdotes in Livy appear to be adapted from Herodotus.

Pliny: Natural History - uses Herodotus as a source, and perhaps resembles him in his discursive style.

Plutarch: Parallel Lives.

Samuel Butler: Atlas of Ancient Geography, particularly Africa (3.2 MB) | Armenia, Colchis, Iberia, and Albania (3.2 MB) | Asia Minor (3.9 MB) |  Egypt (3.3 MB) | Orbis Veteribus Notus (Europe, Asia and North Africa) (3.5 MB) | Greece and Islands (3.6 MB) | Greece and the Peloponnese (4.3 MB) | Greece and the Peloponnesus, South (3.8 MB) | Islands in the Aegean Sea (4.5 MB) | Italy, Central (3.8 MB) | Italy, North (4.1 MB) | Italy, South (3.7 MB) | Macedonia, Moesia, Thracia, and Dacia (4.1 MB) | Mauritania, Numidia, and Africa (3.2 MB) | Oriens (Persia) (3.6 MB) | Palestine, Times of Christ and His Apostles (3.7 MB) | Syria, Mesopotamia, and Assyria (3.0 MB) | Vindelicia, Rhaetia, Noricum, Pannonia, and Illyricum (3.0 MB) 

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: The Histories is listed.


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