Herodotus: The Histories
Snorri Sturluson: The Prose Edda

Euripides: Andromache

Captive Andromache, by Frederick Leighton. Wikimedia CommonsAndromache (Greek: Ἀνδρομάχη) is a tragedy by Euripides, thought to have been first performed in the early 420s BC. It is one of a number of Euripides' plays to elaborate the fates of women associated with the Trojan War.

Andromache, the widow of Hector, has been taken back to Greece as a concubine by Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles. Ten years after the war, she has borne him a son, while his wife Hermione, daughter of Menelaus, remains childless.

As the play opens, Andromache is seeking refuge from Hermione's jealousy at the shrine of Thetis. She turns back when her son Molossus is threatened with death, and seeks protection from Neoptolemus' grandfather Peleus. After a confrontation between Andromache and Hermione, Peleus intervenes to prevent Menelaus from killing Molossus. Hermione is unexpectedly carried off by her former suitor Orestes after Neoptolemus is murdered at Delphi, and the goddess Thetis appears as a deus ex machina to settle matters.

The negative portrayal of Menelaus in the play is often regarded as a manifestation of anti-Spartan feeling at Athens in the early years of the Peloponnesian War.

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Free online texts

Gutenberg: Andromache, translated by Gilbert Murray (1900). Multiple formats.

Gutenberg: Ανδρομάχη. Greek text, multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Andromache. Greek text, edited by Gilbert Norwood (1906). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Andromache. Greek text, edited by A.R.F. Hyslop (1900). Multiple formats.

Internet Classics Archive: Andromache, translated by E.P. Coleridge. HTML and TXT formats.

Loebulus: L010N - Euripides -- Euripides II: Electra. Orestes. Iphigeneia in Taurica. Andromache. Cyclops. Greek and English parallel text. Loeb edition, PDF format. Also available as L484 at the Internet Archive.

Perseus: Greek text and English translation, by David Kovacs. HTML and XML formats.

Poetry in Translation: Andromache, translated by George Theodoridis. Multiple formats.

University of Adelaide: Andromache, translated by E.P. Coleridge.

Wikisource: Greek text and English translations. HTML and other formats.

Performances and Reviews

American Thymele Theatre, New York, 2014

Youtube: Andromache, American Theymele Theatre.

Other Resources

Ancient-literature.com: Andromache, synopsis and analysis.

Gutenberg: Euripides and His Age, by Gilbert Murray.

History of Ancient Greece: Euripides at War, podcast by Ryan Stitt.

Wikipedia: Andromache (play)

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Homer: The Iliad.

Euripides: The Trojan Women, Helen, Iphigenia in Tauris, Iphigenia at Aulis.

A.E. Haigh: The Tragic Drama of the Greeks (1896).

 Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: Andromache is listed.

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