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August 2017

Sophocles: Electra

Electra (Greek:  Ἠλέκτρα) is a tragedy by Sophocles produced probably between 41 and 410 BC, a similar date to Euripides' play of the same name, so that it is uncertain which of the two is earlier.

Like Aeschylus' Libation Bearers, both plays focus on Electra's reunion with her brother Orestes, and their joint revenge on their mother Clytemnestra for the murder of their father Agamnenon, King of Mycenae. Sophocles treatment has been thought be some to be distinctive in downplaying the moral issues raised by their vengeance.

Electra at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Gutenberg: The Seven Plays in English Verse, translated by Lewis Campbell. Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sophocles Vol. II; Ajax, Electra, Trachiniae, Philoctetes. Greek text with facing translation by F. Storr (Loeb edition, 1916). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sophocles Vol II; Trachinae, Ajax, Philoctetes, Electra, verse translation by Thomas Dale (1824). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sophocles, translated by Thomas Franklin (1848). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: Sophocles, Vol II; Ajax, Electra, Trachiniae, Philoctetes, Fragments, translated by Lewis Campbell (1879). Multiple formats.

Internet Archive: The Tragedies of Sophocles, translated by Richard C. Jebb (1904). Multiple formats.

Internet Classics Archive: Electra, translated by R.C. Jebb. HTML and TXT formats.

Loebulus: L021 - Sophocles II: Ajax. Electra. Trachiniae. Philoctetes. Greek and English parallel text. Loeb edition, PDF format.

Perseus: Greek text, edited by Francis Storr (1913). Translation by R.C. Jebb (1894). HTML and XML formats.

Poetry in Translation: Elektra, translated by George Theodoridis (2006). Multiple formats.

University of Adelaide: Electra, translated by R.C. Jebb. Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Greek text and multiple translations. Multiple formats.

Performances and Reviews

Italy 1962

YouTube: Elektra 1962 (English subtitles)

University of Newcastle (Australia) 1998

YouTube: Sophocles' Elektra (1998 production).

Dream Theatre, Chicago 2010

YouTube: Electra.

Pittsburgh Public Theater 2011

YouTube: Ted Pappas talks about Sophocles' fiery classic ELECTRA at Pittsburgh Public Theater.

The Old Vic 2014 - BBC 2015

YouTube: Sophocles' Electra - Kristin Scott Thomas (BBC Radio 3) - radio production.

Other Resources

Ancient-Literature.com: Electra - synopsis and analysis.

History of Ancient Greece: Sophocles, podcast by Ryan Stitt.

Librivox: Translations by Lewis Campbell and Francis Storr. Public domain audiobooks.

Stage Agent: Electra (Sophocles).

Wikipedia: Sophocles - Electra (Sophocles Play).

YouTube: Scene from Sophocles's "Electra"- Fall 2009-Styles of Directing & Acting Class NYU, by Abigail Devora.

Youtube: Popular Videos - Sophocles and Electra.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Homer: The Odyssey.

Aeschylus: The Oresteia - Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, and The Eumenides.

Euripides: Electra.

Aristotle: The Poetics.

A.E. Haigh: The Tragic Drama of the Greeks (1896).

 Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: Electra is listed.