The Suppliants or The Suppliant Maidens (Greek: Ἱκέτιδες, Hiketides; Latin Supplices) is an ancient Greek tragedy by Aeschylus, the first part of a tetrology along with the lost tragedies Aegyptii and Danaides, and the satyr play Amymone. The sequence was originally produced for a dramatic competition in which Sophocles was also a participant, possibly that of 463 BC.
The fact that the chorus functions as a protagonist in the title role has been seen as evidence that the play reflects a relatively early stage in the development of Athenian tragedy. The suppliants are the fifty daughters of Danaus, who have fled to Argos from Egypt to avoid marriage to their cousins, the fifty sons of King Aegyptus. The loss of the later plays has left broad scope for debate about the plot's significance for Aeschylus's view of the institution of marriage.
Free online texts
Gutenberg: Four Plays of Aeschylus; The Suppliant Maidens, The Persians, The Seven against Thebes, The Prometheus Bound, translated by E.D.A. Morshead. Multiple formats.
Internet Archive: The Plays of Aeschylus, translated by Walter Headlam and C.E.S. Headlam. Multiple formats.
Loebulus. L145 - Aeschylus -- Suppliant Maidens. Persians. Prometheus. Seven Against Thebes. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Poetry in Translation: Suppliant Maidens, translated by George Theodoridis (2009). Multiple formats.
University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): The Suppliants, translated by E.D.A. Morshead. Multiple formats.
Wikisource: Suppliants (Aeschylus) - multiple translations.
History of Ancient Greece: Early Tragedy and Aeschylus, podcast by Ryan Stitt.
Librivox: The Suppliant Maidens (Morshead Translation), public domain audiobook.
Literature and History: Episode 26 - Ancient Greek Theater. Podcast.
The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes
Aristotle: The Poetics.
A.E. Haigh: The Tragic Drama of the Greeks (1896).
Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.
Bloom's Western Canon: The Suppliants is listed.