Hesiod: Works and Days
Aeschylus: The Persians

Virgil: The Aeneid

The death of Dido, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Wikimedia CommonsThe Aeneid (Latin: Aeneis) is an epic poem by Virgil written between 29 and 19 BCE, during the early years of Augustus' rule of Rome. The appearance of a Roman national epic at around this time may reflect the role Virgil's patron, Maecenas, as cultural advisor to Augustus.

Virgil embellishes existing stories linking the Romans to the Trojans to systematically synthesise Latin traditions with Homeric myth, integrating many other Greek and Roman poetic influences. The legend of Aeneas' exile from Troy is the kernel for a foundation myth that prefigures the unification of Italy, and in the story of Aeneas and Dido, the struggle for supremacy between Rome and Carthage.

The Aeneid at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Gutenberg: The Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. | Translation by E. Fairfax Taylor. | Translation by J.W. MacKail. | Aeneidos. Latin text. Multiple formats.

Intratext, Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. HTML format. 

Latin Library: Aeneid. Latin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L063N - Virgil -- Eclogues. Georgics. Aeneid, Books 1-6. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Loebulus. L064N - Virgil -- Aeneid Books 7-12, The Minor Poems. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Online Library of Liberty: Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. Multiple formats.

Perseus: Aeneid, translated by Theodore C. Williams | Translation by John Dryden | Latin text, edited by J.B. Greenough. HTML and XML formats.

Poetry in Translation: The Aeneid. HTML format, translated by A.S. Kline.

Sacred Texts: The Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. HTML format.

Standard Ebooks: The Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. AZW3, EPUB, KEPUB and Advanced EPUB formats.

Theoi: Aeneid, Books 1-6, translated by H.R. Fairclough. HTML format.

University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Aeneid: Full Dryden translation along with other partial and incomplete translations.

Other Resources

Augustus and the Aeneid: Some notes on the political background, by Bijan Omrani.

BBC In Our Time - Radio discussion with Melvyn Bragg.

The Conversation: Guide to the Classics - Virgil's Aeneid, by Chris Mackie.

Librivox: The Aeneid - public domain audiobooks. Dryden and MacKail translations.

Literature and History: Out of Troy, The Aeneid Books 1-3 | Among the Shades, The Aeneid Books 4-6 | I Shall Release Hell, The Aeneid Books 7-9 | The World Grows Dim and Black, The Aeneid Books 10-12 - podcasts and transcripts by Doug Metzger.

The New Yorker: Is the Aeneid a Celebration of Empire—or a Critique?, by Daniel Mendelsohn, 15 October 2018.

Perseus: Commentary on the Aeneid of Vergil, by Maurus Servius Honoratus. Latin text.

Wikipedia: Virgil - Aeneid - Parallels between Virgil's Aeneid and Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.

Further reading

Homer: The Iliad - often seen as inspiring Virgil's depiction of warfare in Italy in books 7-12 of the Aeneid.

Homer: The Odyssey - similiary seen as the inspiration for Aeneas's wanderings in books 1-6 0f the Aeneid.

Lucan: The Pharsalia - a latin epic presenting republican values that contrast with Virgil's Augustan loyalties.

Livy: From the Founding of the City - often regarded as a kind of prose equivalent of the Aeneid, providing a similarly patriotic history for Augustan Rome.

Ovid: The Heroides - Dido is the subject of Epistula VII.

Ovid: Metamorphoses - takes up elements of Aeneas' story in books XII and XIII.

Suetonius: Lives of the Grammarians.

Latin Resources: Online materials for learning Latin.

Bloom's Western Canon: The Aeneid is listed.


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