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February 2017

Virgil: The Aeneid

The death of Dido, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Wikimedia CommonsThe Aeneid (Latin: Aeneis) is an epic poem by Virgil written between 29 and 19 BCE, during the early years of Augustus' rule of Rome. The appearance of a Roman national epic at around this time may reflect the role Virgil's patron, Maecenas, as cultural advisor to Augustus.

Virgil embellishes existing stories linking the Romans to the Trojans to systematically synthesise Latin traditions with Homeric myth, integrating many other Greek and Roman poetic influences. The legend of Aeneas' exile from Troy is the kernel for a foundation myth that prefigures the unification of Italy, and in the story of Aeneas and Dido, the struggle for supremacy between Rome and Carthage.

The Aeneid at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Gutenberg: The Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. | Translation by E. Fairfax Taylor. | Translation by J.W. MacKail. | Aeneidos. Latin text. Multiple formats.

Intratext, Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. HTML format. 

Latin Library: Aeneid. Latin text, HTML format.

Loebulus. L063N - Virgil -- Eclogues. Georgics. Aeneid, Books 1-6. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Loebulus. L064N - Virgil -- Aeneid Books 7-12, The Minor Poems. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.

Online Library of Liberty: Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. Multiple formats.

Perseus: Aeneid, translated by Theodore C. Williams | Translation by John Dryden | Latin text, edited by J.B. Greenough. HTML and XML formats.

Poetry in Translation: The Aeneid. HTML format, translated by A.S. Kline.

Sacred Texts: The Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. HTML format.

Theoi: Aeneid, Books 1-6, translated by H.R. Fairclough. HTML format.

University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Aeneid: Full Dryden translation along with other partial and incomplete translations.

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Hesiod: Works and Days

The Works and Days (Greek: Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι, Erga kai Hēmerai) is a poem in 828 hexametres by Hesiod, who may have lived around 700 BC. It is addressed to the poet's brother Perses, urging him to reconcile their quarrel, and invoking a number of myths to illustrate the need to act justly. Hesiod goes on to advise Perses on how to work as a farmer. The Works and Days of the title are the activities of the farming year and the auspicious days on which to perform them, invoked in a sort of verse almanac in the final two thirds of the poem.

Works and Days at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Gutenberg: Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica.

Loebulus. L496 - Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

University of Adelaide (Internet Archive): Works and Days, translated by H.G. Evelyn-White. Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Works and Days, translated by H.G. Evelyn-White (1920). Multiple formats.

Other Resources

History of Ancient Greece: Oligarchs and Hesiod, podcast by Ryan Stitt.

Internet Archive: The Successors of Homer, by William Cranston Lawton (1898). Multiple formats.

Librivox: Works and Days, The Theogony, and The Shield of Heracles - Public domain audiobook.

Literature and History: Hesiod's Lands and Seasons - The Works and Days of Hesiod. Podcast and transcript.  

Wikipedia: Works and Days.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Homer: The Iliad and The Odyssey.

Hesiod: Theogony.

 Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: Works and Days is listed.