Homer: The Iliad
Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics

G.S.Kirk & J.E. Raven: The Presocratic Philosophers

The Presocratic Philosophers by G.S. Kirk & J.E. Raven is a valuable history of early Greek thought, incorporating substantial quotations from the surviving fragments, in both Greek and English. Philosophers covered include:

The Ionian Thinkers, Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes; Xenophanes and Heraclitus.

The Italian Schools: Pythagoras, Alcmaeon of Croton, Parmenides, Zeno of Elea, Melissus, Philolaus and Eurytus of Croton.

The Post-Parmenidean Systems: Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Archelaus, Leucippus, Democritus and Diogenes of Apollonia.

As will be seen in the other resources section below, the more recent 1983 edition features still features in contemporary academic bibliographies. For the general reader, the 1957 edition, available free from the Internet Archive, is a very valuable resource.

Free online and downloadable texts

Internet Archive: The Presocratic Philosophers, A Critical History with a Selection of texts, by G.S Kirk and J.G. Raven, (Cambridge, 1957).

Other Resources

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Presocratic Philosophy, by Patricia Curd. Features the 1983 edition of Kirk & Raven in its bibliography.

History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps: The Presocratics, 12 podcasts by Peter Adamson. Features the 1983 edition of Kirk & Raven in its further reading list.


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