The Aeneid (Latin: Aeneis) is an epic poem by Virgil written between 29 and 19 BCE, during the early years of Augustus' rule of Rome. The appearance of a Roman national epic at around this time may reflect the role Virgil's patron, Maecenas, as cultural advisor to Augustus.
Virgil embellishes existing stories linking the Romans to the Trojans to systematically synthesise Latin traditions with Homeric myth, integrating many other Greek and Roman poetic influences. The legend of Aeneas' exile from Troy is the kernel for a foundation myth that prefigures the unification of Italy, and in the story of Aeneas and Dido, the struggle for supremacy between Rome and Carthage.
Free online texts
Intratext, Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. HTML format.
Latin Library: Aeneid. Latin text, HTML format.
Loebulus. L063N - Virgil -- Eclogues. Georgics. Aeneid, Books 1-6. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.
Loebulus. L064N - Virgil -- Aeneid Books 7-12, The Minor Poems. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English.
Online Library of Liberty: Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. Multiple formats.
Poetry in Translation: The Aeneid. HTML format, translated by A.S. Kline.
Sacred Texts: The Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. HTML format.
Theoi: Aeneid, Books 1-6, translated by H.R. Fairclough. HTML format.
University of Adelaide: Aeneid, translated by John Dryden. Multiple formats.