Plutarch

Plutarch: Moralia

The Moralia (Greek: Ἠθικά Ethika) by Plutarch of Chaeronea is a collection of writings by Plutarch, loosely bound by the subject of morals in the sense of mores or customs, and encompassing all of Plutarch's extant works apart from the Parallel Lives. It was a major influence on the development of the essay as a literary form, particularly through its influence on renaissance writers such as Montaigne.

The Moralia at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Free online texts

Gutenberg: Complete Works of Plutarch — Volume 3: Essays and Miscellanies. English text, multiple formats.

Gutenberg: Plutarch's Morals, translated by E.R. Shilleto. English texts, multiple formats.

Lacus Curtius: Plutarch - includes English translations of about half of the Moralia in HTML format.

Online Library of Liberty: Plutarch’s Morals, 5 vols, translated by William W. Goodwin, with an introduction by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1878). Multiple formats.

University of Adelaide: Complete Works of Plutarch — Volume 3: Essays and Miscellanies. English text, multiple formats.

Wikisource: Plutarch's Moralia: Twenty Essays, selections translated by Philemon Holland (1603), 1911 edition. Multiple formats.

Wikisource: Ηθικά, Greek text, multiple formats.

Loeb Editions

Internet Archive. Moralia, in fifteen volumes, with an English translation by Frank Cole Babbitt. Vol I, Vol II, Vol IIIVol IV, Vol V, Vol VI, Vol VII, Vol VIII, Vol IX, Vol X, Vol XI, Vol XII, Vol XIII(a), Vol XIII(b), Vol XIV, Vol XVIndex. Multiple formats.

Loebulus. L222 - Plutarch -- Moralia II: How to Profit by One's Enemies. On Having Many Friends. Chance. Virtue and Vice. Letter of Condolence to Apollonius. Advice About Keeping Well. Advice to Bride and Groom. The Dinner of the Seven Wise Men. Superstition. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L245 - Plutarch -- Moralia III: Sayings of Kings and Commanders. Sayings of Romans. Sayings of Spartans. The Ancient Customs of the Spartans. Sayings of Spartan Women. Bravery of Women. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L305 - Plutarch -- Moralia IV: Roman Questions. Greek Questions. Greek and Roman Parallel Stories. On the Fortune of the Romans. On the Fortune or the Virtue of Alexander. Were the Athenians More Famous in War or in Wisdom? PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L306 - Plutarch -- Moralia V: Isis and Osiris. The E at Delphi. The Oracles at Delphi No Longer Given in Verse. The Obsolescence of Oracles. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L337 - Plutarch -- Moralia VI: Can Virtue Be Taught? On Moral Virtue. On the Control of Anger. On Tranquility of Mind. On Brotherly Love. On Affection for Offspring. Whether Vice Be Sufficient to Cause Unhappiness…. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L321 - Plutarch -- Moralia X: Love Stories. That a Philosopher Ought to Converse Especially With Men in Power. To an Uneducated Ruler. Whether an Old Man Should Engage in Public Affairs. Precepts of Statecraft. On Monarchy, Democracy, and Oligarchy. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.
Loebulus. L406 - Plutarch -- Moralia XII: Concerning the Face Which Appears in the Orb of the Moon. On the Principle of Cold. Whether Fire or Water Is More Useful. Whether Land or Sea Animals Are Cleverer. Beasts Are Rational. On the Eating of Flesh. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English. Also at the Internet Archive.

 

Continue reading "Plutarch: Moralia" »


Plutarch: Parallel Lives

The Parallel Lives (Greek: Βίοι Παράλληλοι) is a collection of biographies by Plutarch, most of which are in pairs, enabling the life of a prominent Roman to be compared with that of a prominent Greek. The lives are a paradigmatic case of a concern with character which is often a central preoccupation of ancient historians.

The lives included are: 

Theseus and Romulus;  Lycurgus and Numa Pompilius; Solon and Poplicola; Themistocles and and Camillus; Pericles and Fabius; Alcibiades and Coriolanus; Timoleon and Aemilius Paulus; Pelopidas and Marcellus; Aristides and Cato the Elder; Philopoemen and Flamininus; Pyrrhus and Gaius Marius; Lysander and Sulla;  Cimon and Lucullus; Nicias and Crassus; Eumenes and Sertorius; Agesilaus and Pompey; Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar; Phocion and Cato the Younger; Agis / Cleomenes and Tiberius Gracchus / Gaius Gracchus; Demosthenes and Cicero; Demetrius and Antony; Dion and Brutus. There are also four unpaired lives, those of Aratus of Sicyon, Artaxerxes, Galba and Otho.

Plutarch's Lives at Amazon: United States | Canada | United Kingdom | France | Germany | Spain | Italy

Online Texts

Gutenberg: Plutarch's Lives - Vol 1, Vol 2, Vol 3, Vol 4. Multiple formats.

LacusCurtius: Plutarch's Lives, HTML format.

Loebulus. L046 - Plutarch -- Lives I: Theseus and Romulus. Lycurgus and Numa. Solon and Publicola. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L047 - Plutarch -- Lives II: Themistocles and Camillus. Aristides and Cato Major. Cimon and Lucullus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L065 - Plutarch -- Lives III: Pericles and Fabius Maximus. Nicias and Crassus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L080 - Plutarch -- Lives IV: Alcibiades and Coriolanus. Lysander and Sulla. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L087 - Plutarch -- Lives V: Agesilaus and Pompey. Pelopidas and Marcellus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L098 - Plutarch -- Lives VI: Dion and Brutus. Timoleon and Aemilius Paulus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L099 - Plutarch -- Lives VII: Demosthenes and Cicero. Alexander and Caesar. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L100 - Plutarch -- Lives VIII: Sertorius and Eumenes. Phocion and Cato the Younger. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L101 - Plutarch -- Lives IX: Demetrius and Antony. Pyrrhus and Gaius Marius. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L102 - Plutarch -- Lives X: Agis and Cleomenes. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus. Philopoemen and Flamininus. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.
Loebulus. L103 - Plutarch -- Lives XI: Aratus. Artaxerxes. Galba. Otho. General Index. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English

Wikisource: Βίοι Παράλληλοι, Greek text. The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans, English text, translated by John Dryden, 1683.

Other Resources

Librivox: Parallel Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans - public domain audiobook.

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

Bloom's Western Canon: The Parallel Lives is listed.