Livy: From the Founding of the City
Julius Caesar: The Alexandrian War

Polybius: The Histories

The Histories (Greek: Ἱστορίαι Historíai) by Polybius are an account of events in the Mediterranean world from 264 BC to 146 BC, and an attempt to understand Rome's rise to supremacy during that period. His account of Roman institutions in Book VI had a notable influence on later political theorists as an illustration of the benefits of a mixed constitution.

Polybius was a well-placed observer, serving at one time as a military official of the Achaean League. He was later sent to Rome as a hostage and acquired the patronage of Scipio Aemilianus, accompanying him during the final defeat and sack of Carthage. 

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Free online texts

Gutenberg: The Histories of Polybius, Vol I

Gutenberg: The Histories of Polybius, Vol II

LacusCurtius: The Histories, translated by W.R. Paton. HTML format.

Loebulus. L128 - Polybius -- Histories I: Books 1-2. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Loebulus. L137 - Polybius -- Histories II: Books 3-4. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Loebulus. L138 - Polybius -- Histories III: Books 5-8. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Loebulus. L159 - Polybius -- Histories IV: Books 9-15. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Loebulus. L160 - Polybius -- Histories V: Books 16-27. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

Loebulus. L161 - Polybius -- Histories VI: Books 28-39. PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Greek and English.

PACE: Histories. Greek text and English translations by W.R. Paton and Evelyn S.Shuckburgh. HTML format.

Perseus: Greek text (Teubner, 1893). English text, translated by Evelyn S.Shuckburgh (1189). HTML and XML formats.

Wikisource: The Histories, translated by W.R. Paton (1922-27). Multiple formats.

Other Resources

Wikipedia: Polybius - The Histories (Polybius).

The Great Conversation: Further reading at Tom's Learning Notes

Herodotus: Histories - The extent of Herodotus influence on Polybius is disputed.

Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War - Polybius' focus on politics, and his methodology, owes much to Thucydides.

Livy: From the Foundation of the City - uses Polybius as a source.

Josephus: As a Roman client from a conquered nation, Josephus' career has important parallels with that of Polybius.

Ancient Greek resources: Learn to read Greek classics in the original.

 

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